Science case study format, genres in academic writing: case study

Does the case offer a new direction in future research? General Instructions This set of guidelines provides both instructions and a template for the writing of case cover letter internship engineering for publication. Springer Japan KK, Structured abstracts are becoming more popular for basic scientific and clinical studies, since they standardize the abstract and ensure that certain information is included. If someone provided assistance with the preparation of the case study, we thank them briefly. New Development for Psychology and Education.

What, Why and How? A case study should be a fairly modest description of what actually happened. You would then describe the new practice, what it is, how it works, why it was introduced; then observe how it works, talk to people who are affected by it, talk to managers and then evaluate the results and come to a conclusion.

Yinpp. However, whenever possible we should try to use a well-validated method of measuring their improvement.

Genres in academic writing: Case studies

In this section, we should clearly describe the plan for care, as well as the care which was actually provided, and the outcome. Misunderstanding 5: Eisenhardt, Kathleen M. Did the patient withdraw from care or did we refer them to another practitioner? Place relevant works in the context of their contribution to understanding the case study being investigated.

How to Approach Writing a Case Study Research Paper

Waalen JK. However, field practitioners generally are not well-practised in writing for publication, and so may hesitate to embark on the task of carrying a case study to publication. Note that a general social sciences research paper may contain a separate section to report findings. Note that it is important to conduct a thorough literature review to ensure that your assumption about the need to reveal new insights or previously hidden problems is valid and evidence-based.

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While case studies cannot provide specific guidance for the management of successive patients, they are a record of clinical interactions which help us to frame questions for more rigorously designed clinical studies.

In general, a case study that investigates a place suggests a subject of analysis that is unique or special in some way and that this uniqueness can be used to build new understanding or knowledge about the research problem. A Realist Approach.

Case presentation: Speculation about underlying mechanisms of the disease process or treatment should be restrained. Introduction As with any research paper, your introduction should serve as a roadmap for your readers to ascertain the scope and purpose of your study.

Bibliography Definition The term case study refers to both a method of analysis and a specific research design for examining a problem, both of which are used in most circumstances to generalize across populations.

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However, the event does not have to be a rare or uniquely significant to support new thinking about the research problem or to challenge an existing hypothesis. Management and Outcome: Summarize any literature that not only shows how your subject of analysis contributes to understanding the research problem, but how your case contributes to a new way of understanding the problem that prior research has failed to do.

Field practitioners and students are seldom well-prepared to discuss physiology or pathology.

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Consider the following points to help ensure your conclusion is appropriate: However, in a paper designed around a case study, it is more common to combine a description of the findings with the discussion about their implications.

Why did a particular promotion activity lead to increased sales? More detailed information about how to document any limitations to your research can be found here.

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A good rule for graphs is that they should contain sufficient information to be generally decipherable without reference to a legend. Resolve conflicts amongst seemingly contradictory previous studies. When designing your case study, be sure you have thoroughly addressed all aspects of the problem and do not leave gaps in your analysis.


Highlight any findings that were unexpected or especially profound. Move from a detailed to a general level of consideration of the case study's findings that returns the topic to the context provided by the introduction or within a new context that emerges from your case study findings. Over wedding speech from the wedding planner movie, research on any given topic can fall into a trap of developing assumptions based on outdated studies that are still applied to new or changing conditions or the idea that something should simply be accepted as "common sense," even though the issue has not been thoroughly tested in practice.

Writing Tip At Least Five Misconceptions about Case Study Research Social science case studies are often perceived as limited in their ability to create new knowledge because they are not randomly selected and findings cannot be generalized to larger populations.

Guidelines to the writing of case studies

As Seawright and Gerring note, practical considerations such as time and access to information can influence case selection, but these issues should not be the sole factors used in describing the methodological justification for identifying a particular case to study. Encyclopedia of Case Study Research.

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General Instructions This set of guidelines provides both instructions and a template for the writing of case reports for publication. Gleberzon BJ. This includes synthesizing studies that help to: Does the case provide an opportunity to pursue action leading to the resolution of a problem?

Hence, it is possible to work section by section through the template to quickly produce a first draft of your study.

Genres in Academic Writing: Case Study

This refers to synthesizing any literature that points to unresolved issues of concern about the research cover letter internship engineering and describing how the subject of analysis that forms the case study can help resolve these existing contradictions.

Relate the Findings to Similar Studies No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research. If the argument or purpose of your paper is complex, you phd creative writing in spanish need to summarize these points for your reader.

The introduction to a case study research paper, however, should not only describe the research problem and its significance, but you should also succinctly describe why the case is being used and how it relates to addressing the problem.

Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: Writing a Case Study

General, theoretical [context-independent knowledge is more valuable than concrete, practical context-dependent knowledge. The case could also point to thesis timeline excel need for scholars to apply feminist theories of work and family to the issue of water conservation.

Does the case provide important insight or illuminate a previously hidden problem? If there is more than one author, one author must be identified as thesis timeline excel corresponding author — the person whom people should contact if they have questions or comments about the study. Do not use more than approximately 15 references without some clear justification.

Case reports: Unsequenced This is useful when the case study consist of many small sections or studies. Authors may decide that the particular circumstances of their case study justify digression from our recommendations. Be sure to cite any prior studies that helped you determine that the case you chose was appropriate for investigating the research problem.

The thing of greatest value that you can provide to your colleagues is an honest record of clinical events. Also, if we use any photographs which might identify a patient, we will need their written permission.

One cannot generalize on the basis of an individual case; therefore, the case study cannot contribute to scientific development. It is not our duty to provide a complete physiological explanation for everything that we observed.


It is useful to begin by placing the study in a historical or social context. To quote, these are: Merritt L. They are exploratory, explanatory and descriptive case studies An wedding speech from the wedding planner movie case-study is initial research that tries to look for patterns in the data and come up with a model within which to view this data.

In this example, a case study investigating the accident could lead to a better understanding of where to strategically locate additional signals at other railroad crossings in order to better warn drivers of an approaching train, particularly when visibility is hindered by heavy rain, fog, or at night. Explain how your case study design may reveal new knowledge or a new perspective or that can redirect research in an important new direction.

What have been the effects of a particular sales activity?

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Case Study Research in Practice. Springer Japan KK, A case study encompasses a problem contextualized around the application of in-depth analysis, interpretation, and discussion, often resulting in specific recommendations for action or for improving existing conditions.

General Instructions

Remember that our case study may be read by people who are not familiar with spinal manipulation, and, even within chiropractic circles, nomenclature for technique is not well standardized. If prior to your conclusion, you have not yet explained the significance of your findings or if you are proceeding inductively, natural beauty products business plan the conclusion of your paper to describe your main points and explain their significance.

Cases often represent a topic that rests on the fringes of prior investigations because the case may provide new ways of understanding the research problem. Additionally, we should be as specific as possible in describing the treatment that we used.

Begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most important or surprising finding first, then systematically review each finding.

A structured abstract uses subheadings. For example, perhaps there has been a long practice among scholars to apply a particular theory in explaining the relationship between two subjects of analysis. First, we describe the complaint that brought the patient to us. This part of the discussion section should also note any unanswered questions job application letter to a law firm issues your case study could not address.

Yin p. Why was this topic important to investigate?

Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings It is important to remember that the purpose of social wedding speech from the wedding planner movie research is to discover and not to prove.

SAGE, Descriptive case-studies take this further and try to obtain information on the particular features of an issue. Sampling and Choosing Cases in Qualitative Research: It is useful for the reader to know how long the patient was under care and how many times they were treated.

  • Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important Systematically explain the meaning of your case study findings and why you believe they are important.
  • Taking a contrarian stance is one of the most important ways that new knowledge and understanding develops from existing literature.

New York: Suspense In this case, the outcome or conclusion is presented initially. Finally, we summarize the lessons learned from this case.

For example, Walo, Bull, and Breen conducted a case study to identify and evaluate the direct and indirect economic benefits and costs of a local sports event in the City of Lismore, New South Wales, Australia. We may or may not choose to include this list at the end of this section science case study format the case presentation. Remember that many people may find our article by searching on the internet.

Tables, figures and photographs should be included at the end of the manuscript. Therefore, before beginning to write the study itself, you should gather all of the materials relevant to the case — clinical notes, lab reports, x-rays etc. J Can Chiropr Assoc ; 51 2: It is useful to include in this section an indication of how and why treatment finished.