Research paper about motorcycles, police...

According to the laws of the Ministry of Transport in Cameroon, this age group is allowed to own and drive motorcycles, provided they have obtained appropriate education and use protective gears. The thick jackets would help prevent the tearing of their flesh on the hard, rough road. Eighteen patients did not provide informed consent due to their medical condition or declined to participate in the study and were excluded. Bymotorcycles were being designed and manufactured all over Europe and America. Logistic regression was used to estimate the association between risk research paper about motorcycles and injuries.

The engine was a parallel-twin, mounted low on the frame, with its cylinders going fore-and-aft. Ivers, M. They had no steering and were propelled by a rider pushing there feet along the ground.

Motorcycles Essay Research Paper My goal is:

In densely populated regions, where transportation poses a serious problem because of the limited number of public transportation and taxis, motorcycles have become a remedy, particularly for students. Logistic regressions were used to calculate the association between the risk-factors and the motorcycle-related accidents and injuries in the sample.

Knowledge of safety measures was studied by questions The cycle was revised in This study is the first one to explore the patterns of motorcycle usage among the secondary school students in Cameroon.

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Light motorcycle riders need to be strictly controlled. The age group distributions were similar between boys and girls, with the majority of them being among the age group years old Table 1. Effects of protective wearing on injury. Schermer, E. America began importing Japanese motorcycles in the late 60s and early 70s.

Riders of heavy motorcycles rode more safely than riders of light motorcycles. There are many different professional racing circuits, varying from street racing, drag racing, motocross, ice racing, and trail riding.

Harley-Davidson and Indian are the two largest motorcycle companies in America.

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  • A 1-year prospective study of motorcycle crashes was conducted beginning in June

No relationships were found among age, alcohol consumption, disability, mortality, seasonal distribution, or motorcycle typeTable 1. Some standard equipment on motorcycles today are: However, riding without protective clothing was associated with driving without a license, use of a light motorcycle, and alcohol consumption [ 14 ].

Data collection Questionnaire consisting of close-ended and few open-ended questions English was used to collect data. Those who lived at the Tiko-Douala road have three times higher probability to sustain accidents and injuries than students residing elsewhere OR 3.

Introduction

InKirkpatrick MacMillon created cycle with pedals and cranks Wilson, 8. Riding without a motorcycle license and riding after consuming alcohol were other risk factors associated with riding without a helmet [ 9 ]. Darling Kindersley, Motorcyclists are a vulnerable group of riders and have a particularly high accident risk [ 2 ].

Other protective clothes were not effective against fractures or systemic injuries.

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As shown, motorcycles have changed and evolved a great deal over the past hundred plus years. Japan makes small, well-made machines. The specific objectives were: Other protective clothes were not effective against fractures or systemic injuries but were effective how to solve pollution problems essay soft-tissue injuries.

Norton, S. However, motorcycle protective clothes were protective against soft-tissue injuries. Kaya, M. Nicholaus Otto patented the four-stroke principle in Questionnaires were given to the students with odd number on the class register.

Blows, and S. InGattlreb Daimler mounted an engine in a wood-framed machine that had a twist grip controlled break. Participants were patients involved in motorcycle crashes and admitted to our emergency department.

Heavy motorcycles are preferred for vacations and travel [ 2 ], whereas light motorcycles are generally used for work and transport. Continuous data are presented as means and standard application letter for quality control manager, and categorical variables are presented as percentages.

Pretty much anyone can have one so the are very abundant in the world today. In total, patients were involved in crashes with light motorcycles.

Methods A 1-year prospective study of motorcycle crashes was conducted beginning in June According to the laws of the Ministry of Transport in Cameroon, this age group is allowed to own and drive motorcycles, provided they have obtained appropriate education and use protective gears. It is estimated that 5. A pilot study was conducted to assess its validity.

Patients involved in an accident with a light motorcycle were more likely to ride without a helmet rise of christianity research paper were heavy motorcycle riders Table 3. In total, patients were involved in crashes with light motorcycles.

Motorcycles Essay Research Paper My goal is: Essay Example For Free | CoolEssay

Heritier, W. Table 1: Many of school students of age use motorcycles themselves or ride play thesis commercial motorcycles to school daily. Both heavy and light motorcycles are used in Turkey. Alcohol consumption and riding without a license must be prevented [ 21516 ]. Ali, and N.

  • Strict license controls and adding motorcycle protective clothing to motorcycle sales may reduce the incidence of injuries from light motorcycle crashes.
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Previous studies have attempted to evaluate the epidemiological features of motorcycle-related injuries in Turkey. Omi, H. Table 3: Jackets, gloves, and shoes were more preferred by heavy than by light motorcycle riders.

The engine was located over the front wheel and it drove via twisted rawhide belt.

Roles of Motorcycle Type and Protective Clothing in Motorcycle Crash Injuries

We therefore call for an immediate attention and a deeper investigation into the highlighted situation, particularly at Tiko-Douala road. Participants were interviewed in the ED after their initial management.

Patients involved in motorcycle accidents without helmets had a higher incidence of head and maxillofacial trauma compared with those who wore helmets Table 2.

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Akdur, P. Conclusion Heavy motorcycles riders were safer than light motorcycle riders. The I. Logistic regression was used to estimate the association between risk factors and injuries. Durukan, M.

Motorbike training essay in simple present tense categorized as formal training, informal training, and no training at all. Participants were given 15 minutes to respond to the questions, after which the questionnaires were collected back. These findings are striking, as helmets have been shown to be effective [ 15 — 17 ].

Teoh and M. Cohen, J. Motorcycles are an important part of social life in high-income countries [ 1 ]. Police use them to serve and protect and the military still uses them in battle.

Answers to all questions on the usage of protective gear were grouped as always, occasionally and never.

Motorcycle injury among secondary school students in the Tiko municipality, Cameroon

A closed-ended and few open-ended questionnaire was used to collect data. Strict license controls and adding motorcycle protective clothing to motorcycle sales may reduce the incidence of injuries from light motorcycle crashes.

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Motorcycles Essay, Research Paper My goal is to explain the evolution of the motorcycle and how their importance has grown in our society. Beyhun, M. Gentilello, T. Fitzharris et al. Patients were excluded from the study if they did not want to participate or a relative of the patient refused to provide play thesis consent.

Also inWilliam S. Eighteen patients did not provide informed consent due to their medical condition or declined to participate in the study and were excluded. Honda is play thesis of the biggest motorcycle manufactures in the world today. During the s and 60s, black leather jackets became associated with motorcyclists.

Patients involved in a motorcycle accident without a helmet had a higher incidence of head and maxillofacial trauma. View at Google Scholar B.

Motorcycle injury among secondary school students in the Tiko municipality, Cameroon

English bikes flooded the American market in the s. Motorcycle pants and motorcycle shoes were not protective against leg and foot fractures. The aim was to study the risk-factors of motorcycle-related accidents and injuries among this group in the Tiko municipality, Cameroon.

Harley and Arthur Davidson completed a motorcycle prototype.

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Bymotorcycles were being designed and manufactured all over Europe and America. The first U. In Cameroon, motorcycle is commonly used for transportation particularly among students. View at Google Scholar L. Navestad, and J. Ali, M. The new Werner had an electric-ignition and a spray-type carburetor.

Information about the accident, motorcycle, helmet use, motorcycle clothing, injury location, speed, license, and alcohol consumption was recorded.

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Motorcycle jackets had no significant effect on systemic injuries but were effective against soft-tissue injuries. There is a need for research to identify the risks during a motorcycle crash in Turkey. Abdul Rahman, N.